The following studies demonstrate how biological effects can be caused by modulated or pulsed RF radiation.

 

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Transient DNA damage induced by high-frequency electromagnetic fields (GSM 1.8 GHz) in the human trophoblast HTR-8/SVneo cell line evaluated with the alkaline comet assay.

 

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Effects of continuous and pulsed 2450-MHz radiation on spontaneous lymphoblastoid transformation of human lymphocytes in vitro.

 

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Responses of neurons to an amplitude modulated microwave stimulus. 

 

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Bursting responses of Lymnea neurons to microwave radiation.

 

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Radiofrequency radiation-induced calcium ion efflux enhancement from human and other neuroblastoma cells in culture.

 

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In vitro exposure of human lymphocytes to 900 MHz CW and GSM modulated radiofrequency: studies of proliferation, apoptosis and mitochondrial membrane potential.

 

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Features of Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Modulated Extremely High-Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation

 

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High frequency electromagnetic fields (GSM signals) affect gene expression levels in tumor suppressor p53-deficient embryonic stem cells

 

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Effect of amplitude modulated RF radiation on calcium ion efflux and ODC activity in chronically exposed rat brain.

 

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Effect on the immune system of mice exposed chronically to 50Hz amplitude-modulated 2.45 GHz microwaves.

 

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Cytogenetic damage in human lymphocytes following GMSK phase modulated microwave exposure.

 

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Exposure of frog hearts to CW or amplitude-modulated VHF fields: selective efflux of calcium ions at 16 Hz.