The current safety measure used to regulate cell phones is a measure called Specific Absorption Rate (SAR). This regulation is used to limit the amount of energy that the body can absorb and hence protects users of cell phones (emitting microwave radiation) from heating effects (thermal effects) which are known to have various potentially harmful effects on our bodies. The studies listed below demonstrate that biological effects can also be triggered at power levels/intensities that do not cause any change in temperature (i.e. non-thermal) and are also below the current safety regulations.

 

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Non-thermal activation of the hsp27/p38MAPK stress pathway by mobile phone radiation in the human endothelial cells: Molecular mechanism for cancer and blood brain barrier related effects.

 

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Microwave enhanced kinetics observed in ORD studies of a protein

 

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Effect of low power microwave on the mouse genome: a direct DNA analysis.

 

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Effect of amplitude modulated RF radiation on calcium ion efflux and ODC activity in chronically exposed rat brain.

 

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Radiofrequency radiation-induced calcium ion efflux enhancement from human and other neuroblastoma cells in culture.

 

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Exposure of frog hearts to CW or amplitude-modulated VHF fields: selective efflux of calcium ions at 16 Hz.

 

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Exposure to pulsed high-frequency electromagnetic field during waking affects human sleep EEG.

 

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In vitro exposure of human lymphocytes to 900 MHz CW and GSM modulated radiofrequency: studies of proliferation, apoptosis and mitochondrial membrane potential.

 

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Bursting responses of Lymnea neutrons to microwave radiation